essay paper on health psychology

essay paper on health psychology

This tutor‐marked assignment (TMA) is worth 25% of the final mark for PSY265 Health
Psychology.
The word limit for this assignment is 900 words.
Please upload this assignment to Turnitin by Thursday, 2 September 2021, 11:55pm.
Resubmissions are allowed before this cut-off time.
TMA format [New! Please take note]
• Download and complete the new TMA Cover Page (screenshot below) from Canvas
L01 > Modules > Assessments.
• Acknowledge that you have read the self-declaration on academic integrity and submit
it with your TMA. There will be a penalty of 5 marks deduction if the TMA cover
page is incomplete, inaccurate or missing from the final submission of your TMA via
Turnitin. No appeals concerning the Cover Page will be entertained.
• Use Times New Roman 12 point, double line spacing throughout.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 3 of 11
School of Humanities & Behavioural Sciences
Psychology Assignment Cover Page
Student’s Name (official): Click here to enter text.
Student’s PI: Click here to enter text. Date of Submission: Click or tap to enter a
date.
Course Code: Choose an item. Assignment Type: Choose an item.
Please read and acknowledge the following self-declaration on academic integrity by clicking
all 3 check-boxes (a cross will appear in the box) to indicate that you have understood and
abided by each item. You are also required to provide a brief reflection describing 3 ways in
which you have applied your tutor’s feedback from TMA01 to this current TMA02.
Plagiarism or Self-Plagiarism
☐ The assignment I am submitting for this course is original and new work. All sources I have
quoted or referred to while working on this assignment have been properly cited and
acknowledged. This assignment is substantially my own work (i.e., I have not excessively
quoted other people’s work and have not copied chunks of text, word for word), and is
not work that I have submitted for assessment previously for another course.
Collusion
☐ This assignment is entirely the product of my own effort. I have not sought help from other
people, whether in person or electronically, and whether from persons known to me
personally or otherwise.
Declaration
☐ I have read and understood Section 7.2.2 of the SUSS’s Student Handbook on academic
integrity, and am aware of the University’s penalties for academic dishonesty, which include
marks deduction and expulsion from the University. I bear full responsibility if my work is
found to be the result of plagiarism and/or collusion.
Reflection
I have applied my tutor’s comments from TMA01 to this assignment in the following ways:
1.
2.
3.
In addition, please acknowledge the following:
• I have completed my assignment in accordance to the APA format. Respond Y/N
IMPORTANT
A penalty of 5 marks deduction will be imposed if this cover page
is incomplete, inaccurate or missing from the final submission of your assignment.
No appeals concerning the Cover Page will be entertained.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 4 of 11
For lecturers only
MARKS TABLE & FEEDBACK
Possible Marks Awarded
Part 1: Essay 60
Part 2: Poster 30
Referencing 5
English Competency 5
TOTAL 100 0
Overall Feedback
Note to students: Please make sure you read the feedback given by your lecturers.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 5 of 11
TMA submission – read these instructions carefully
• Backup your TMA at all times.
• Submit early and check the originality report for possible revision and resubmission.
• Turnitin reports are generated immediately the first time but subsequent reports may
take up to a day to generate.
• Resubmissions (overwriting earlier submissions) are allowed before the deadline, but
NO further resubmissions during the grace period or thereafter.
• Upload TMA in Word document file only (not in PDF), and strictly follow the naming
convention specified for TMA files (Non-compliance to these standards might lead to
an admin fee and/or the TMA not be being marked).
• Upload correct TMA file to the correct folder of the correct course. Admin fee
applies to appeals to transfer files to correct folder.
• 12-hour grace period after the deadline is NOT an extended deadline but solely is for
resolving technical problems encountered with submissions before the deadline.
• In case of problems: Email Canvas Support LSsupport@suss.edu.sg immediately (with
relevant screenshots and your TMA attached) and follow up with Canvas Support
before the grace period is over.
• If there was no submission before the deadline, one late submission is allowed after the
deadline for up to 1 week, after which no more late submissions will be allowed.
• Automatic marks deduction applies after the 12-hour grace period (refer to the marks
deduction scheme in the Student Handbook). With this automatic deduction, there will
be no need to request for extensions from your tutor because your tutor does not have
the mandate to over-ride the Canvas system settings.
• Retain the Turnitin digital receipt as evidence of a successful submission. Appeals
submitted without the Turnitin digital receipt will not be entertained.
• View your submission immediately to ensure that the entire document has been
uploaded completely and successfully.
TMA Formatting Requirements
Margins: 1 inch (2.54 cm) margins on all sides (top, bottom, left, and right) of the page
Line spacing: Double-space the entire paper
Paragraph alignment: Align the text to the left and leave the right margin uneven
Paragraph indentation: Indent the first line of every paragraph 0.5 inch
Font: Use 12-point Times New Roman
Spelling: English (Singapore)
Word Limit
Please observe the word limit as writing succinctly is an important skill to acquire in academic
writing. All text (including in-text citations) is included in the word count except the reference
list, tables, figures, and appendices. Note that anything written beyond 10% of the word limit
will not be marked.
English Competency
English competency is an assessable component of all TMAs and 5% of the total marks for
each TMA have been allocated to this component. It is important that you write clearly and
accurately, using correct grammar, punctuation and spelling.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 6 of 11
Referencing
Follow the APA7 format as described in the “PSY Referencing Guide”. Appropriate in-text
citations and an accurately formatted Reference section are expected. FIVE (5) marks have
been allocated for this component. More information about formatting in APA7 can be found
in the APA website: http://www.apastyle.org/index.aspx
Referencing Formatting Requirements (APA7)
• Start the References on a new page (bold and centred).
• Present the reference list in alphabetical order by first author surname.
• Do not number the reference items/entries.
• Each entry should observe hanging indentation (i.e., if the reference goes on to a second
line, the second line onwards must be indented).
• Provide the doi if available.
• Books:
– Title in italics (apply Sentence Case – only the first letter of the first word is
capitalised and the first letter of the first word after a colon is capitalised)
– Publisher name (no need to provide place of publication)
• Journals:
– Article title not in italics (apply Sentence Case)
– Journal name in italics (apply Title Case – the first letter of most words are
capitalised)
– Volume number in italics
– Issue number within brackets not in italics (provide if available)
– Page range not in italics (provide full page range, e.g., 100-123, not 100 or 100-23)
Example:
References
Collins, A. M., & Loftus, E. F. (1975). A spreading-activation theory of semantic
processing. Psychological Review, 82(6), 407–428. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-
295X.82.6.407
Gardner, H. (1999). Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. Basic
Books.
Plagiarism and Collusion
The assignment is to be completed on your own. You may discuss the TMA with your coursemates, however, the assignment must be written up independently. Do not share your notes,
draft or final TMA with anyone before the marked TMAs are returned to you.
Avoid plagiarism by giving yourself sufficient time to research and understand the material so
that you can write up your assignment in your own words. Quotations should be used sparingly.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 7 of 11
Simply citing the source of ‘copied’ chunks of text does not excuse it from plagiarism. Do
ensure that any paraphrasing is done appropriately (even if you use text from your own work
that you have submitted as part of another assignment of the same or another course).
The University takes a very serious view of plagiarism (passing off someone else’s ideas as
your own, or recycling of contents from your own earlier marked TMA from the same course
or another course) and collusion (submitting an assignment which is the same or very similar
to another student’s). Both are very serious academic offences. Please refer to the Student
Handbook on the penalties of plagiarism or collusion. You are strongly advised to submit your
TMA early, check the plagiarism report yourself, and if needed revise and resubmit your TMA
before the submission deadline.
Marks allocation at a glance
5 marks will be deducted if the TMA
Cover Page is incomplete, inaccurate
or missing.
Marks Word
limit
Part 1: Essay 60 600
Part 2: Poster 30 300
Referencing 5 –
English Competency 5 –
Total 100 900
Note: All marks will be awarded only with the TMA submission via Turnitin.
Part 1: Essay (60 marks, 600 words)
“The majority of Singapore adolescents do not get enough physical activity, with a widening
gap between boys and girls from 2001 to 2016, according to the results of a new World Health
Organization (WHO) study.
About 76% of Singapore adolescents aged between 11 and 17 years old do not get at least one
hour of moderate-to-vigorous activity every day, said the study, which examined the issue
among adolescents globally.
The prevalence of Singapore boys who did not get enough physical activity dropped to 69.7%
in 2016, down 8 percentage points from the 77.7% in 2001. This was in contrast to the findings
for Singaporean girls, with 83.1% not getting enough physical activity in 2016, only a slight
improvement from the 84.9% in 2001.
These results show that most adolescents around the world could be putting their current and
future health at risk, said the report. Urgent action is needed now, particularly through targeted
interventions to promote and retain girls’ participation in physical activity.”
Source: Chang, N. (2019, November 22). Three-quarters of Singapore adolescents are not active enough:
WHO study. CNA. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/who-study-health-boys-girlssingapore-exercise-12117044
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 8 of 11
Using the Transtheoretical Model of Change, explain the low rates of physical activity among
female adolescents in Singapore. In addition, examine the effectiveness of using the
Transtheoretical Model of Change to increase physical activity of female adolescents in
Singapore.
Additional notes:
• Students need to address the following points in their answers:
o Briefly explain the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
o Use the Transtheoretical Model of Change to explain the low rates of physical
activity among adolescents in Singapore.
o Examine the effectiveness of the Transtheoretical Model of Change in relation
to increasing physical activity among female adolescents in Singapore.
• Students need to supplement their points with relevant empirical evidence. Empirical
evidence can include studies from other countries and other age groups. However, it is
important to contextualise findings and discuss this information in relation to Singaporean
adolescents.

Recommended readings:
• Nunes, H. E. G., Silva, D. A. S., & de Andrade Gonçalves, E. C. (2017). Prevalence and
factors associated with stages of behaviour change for physical activity in adolescents: a
systematic review. World Journal of Paediatrics, 13(3), 202-209.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12519-017-0027-4
• Liu, K. T., Kueh, Y. C., Arifin, W. N., Kim, Y., & Kuan, G. (2018). Application of
transtheoretical model on behavioural changes, and amount of physical activity among
university’s students. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2402-2402.
http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02402
• Romain, A. J., Caudroit, J., Hokayem, M., & Bernard, P. (2018). Is there something
beyond stages of change in the transtheoretical model? The state of art for physical
activity. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 50(1), 42-53.
http://doi.org/10.1037/cbs0000093
Part 2: Poster (30 marks, 300 words)
Apply the Transtheoretical Model of Change and relevant health promotion principles to
develop a poster that seeks to educate and encourage female adolescents in Singapore to be
more physically active. Your poster should target female adolescents who are in the
contemplation phase with regards to physical activity. The poster can be created via Microsoft
PowerPoint, or any other suitable software (e.g., CANVA), and must address the following
points:
1. Reasons that female adolescents in Singapore can relate to in order to help them
increase their physical activity levels.
2. Practical tips on how female adolescents in Singapore can increase their physical
activity levels in daily life.
3. Images to illustrate the points you would like to make and appeal to target audience.
4. Heading(s) that are tailored to communicate the content/message of the poster.
5. The poster should be self-explanatory and tailored to the audiences’ unique needs.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 9 of 11
Key considerations:
• Relevance of text/content in the poster with regard to encouraging female adolescents
in Singapore to increase their physical activity levels.
• Poster clearly and concisely explains points in a way that connects with its intended
audience, being female adolescents in Singapore.
• Creativity, illustrated in the poster design, as a means to attract its intended audience
and support effective communication (e.g., headings and content can be of any font,
font size and colour).
• If images/photos are used, please ensure these will not be perceived as offensive by
members of the public and maintain anonymity and confidentiality (i.e., no facial
recognition).
Poster instructions:
• Upon completion of the poster, you will need to save the PowerPoint document in
JPEG/PNG format and copy it into your essay in Part 1 as an appendix.
• The JPEG/PNG should not exceed one page in the Part 1 essay document.
• References unique to the poster should be located at the bottom of the poster in the
same JPEG/PNG.
• You are not required to maximise the 300-word limit. Getting your points across in a
concise, coherent, and relevant manner is more important. The points you raise in the
poster need to be informed by the Transtheoretical Model of Change and relevant health
promotion principles (i.e., persuasive messages).
• Include a reference list at the end of the poster according to APA7 format. In text
citations are not needed. The reference list is not included in the word count.
References (5 marks) – Use APA 7 only
The References section lists the full reference of all sources cited or referred to in your
assignment.
Notes:
• Refer to the referencing guide entitled “PSY Referencing Guide”.
• The heading “References” should be bold, and centred on the page.
• Present the reference list in alphabetical order.
• Do not number the reference items/entries.
• Observe the hanging indentation (i.e., if the reference goes on to a second line, the
second line onwards must be indented).
• Use double line spacing.
Note the correct order of information to be presented in each entry starting with the author’s
surname, comma, followed by the author’s initials (note full stops, letter spacing, and commas
where applicable especially if there is more than 1 author), year of publication in brackets, full
stop, book title in italics (only the first word of the book title starts with a capital letter) or
journal article title not in italics (only the first word of the article title starts with a capital letter),
etc. Refer to the “PSY Referencing Guide”.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 10 of 11
5 marks: In-text citations and reference list are presented accurately in APA format. All
sources cited are presented in the reference list. A minimum of 5 academic sources are listed.
4 marks: In-text citations and the reference list are presented in APA format, however there
may be one or two minor stylistic errors. A minimum of 5 academic sources are listed.
3 marks: Formatting errors are evident in the in-text citations and/or the reference list. A
minimum of 5 academic sources are listed.
2 marks: Major formatting errors are evident in the in-text citations and/or the reference list.
There may be missing reference items from the list.
1 mark: In-text citations may be missing but the student has made an effort to present a
reference list even if there may only be one item listed and it contains formatting errors.
0 marks: In-text citations and the reference list are missing.
English competency (5 marks)
5 marks: Extremely well-written with minimal grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors.
4 marks: Well-written, but may contain a number of grammatical/spelling/punctuation
errors.
3 marks: Fairly written, but with a number of grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors.
2 marks: Poorly written with many grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors.
0-1 mark: Badly written with serious grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors.
PSY265 Tutor-Marked Assignment 02 July 2021 Semester
SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (SUSS) Page 11 of 11
Generic Band Descriptors for Students
Excellent answer
• shows a clear and thorough understanding of the topic concerned by covering relevant
points accurately and comprehensively in a well-structured, focused and cohesive
manner
• provides excellent illustrations/examples/supporting evidence
• shows very strong evidence of critical thinking/analysis and in-depth understanding
• goes beyond expectation and shows original thinking
Good to Very Good answer
• shows a good to very good understanding of the topic concerned by covering relevant
points accurately in a well-structured, focused and cohesive manner
• provides good illustrations/examples/supporting evidence
• shows good evidence of critical thinking/analysis and in-depth understanding
Fair answer
• shows a fair understanding of the topic concerned by covering relevant points
adequately, but may not always be well structured, focused and cohesive
• provides adequate illustrations or examples, however, they may not always be
appropriate
• shows little evidence of critical thinking/analysis and lacks in-depth understanding
Weak answer
• shows only rudimentary understanding of the topic concerned and only manages to
cover a relevant point or two adequately, but is not well structured, focused and
cohesive
• attempts to provide illustrations or examples, however, they are generally inappropriate
or irrelevant
• shows no evidence of critical thinking
• may contain inaccuracies and omissions
Poor answer (borderline pass)
• does not show adequate understanding of the topic concerned and may not sufficiently
cover any of the relevant points
• does not provide illustrations or examples
• tends to be descriptive and may be off-point
• contains errors and misconceptions
Fail (less than 40%)
• shows very little understanding of the topic concerned and does not cover any of the
relevant points
• fails to provide illustrations or examples
• attempts to describe but is off-point
• contains serious errors and misconceptions
Bad Fail (less than 15%)
• shows no understanding of the question
• some marks may be awarded if there is evidence that some effort was made to make

 

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