Applying Research Skills

research best practices related to a current health care problem.  use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

Assessment topic areas to choose from

Topic 3: Medication Errors

 

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Short Description:

A medication error is a preventable adverse effect of a patient taking the wrong medication or dosage, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Medication errors can be a source of serious patient harm, including death.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

· – Medical staff education

· – Packaging improvements

· – Patient medication safety training

Keywords for Articles:

medication administration, medication errors, medication safety

 

References:

Cohen, M. (2016). Medication errors (miscellaneous). Nursing. 46(2):72, February 2016. DOI: 10.1097/01.NURSE.0000476239.09094.06

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Improve Core Processes for Administering Medications. http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Changes/ImproveCoreProcessesforAdministeringMedications.aspx

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2012). Table 6: Categories of Medication Error Classification. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/match/matchtab6.html

Schmidt, K., Taylor, A., & Pearson, A. (2017). Reduction of medication errors: A unique approach. Journal of Nursing Care Quality. 32(2), April/June 2017, 150–156.

 

Topic 4: Healthcare System Errors

 

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Short Description:

The health care system in the United States has been the subject of much debate as experts try to determine the best way to deliver high-quality care. In Crossing the Quality Chasm, the Institute of Medicine (2001) called for the redesign of health care delivery systems and their external environments to promote care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

· – Systemwide transformation

· – Process redesign

· – Electronic health records

Keywords for Articles:

multi-stakeholder collaboration, healthcare system redesign

 

References:

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Quality of Health Care in America. (2001). Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US).Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2017). Hospitals and Health Systems. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/index.html

Roberts, B. (2017). Relationship-based care: The institute of medicine’s core competencies in action. Creative Nursing, 05/2016, 22(2).

 

Topic 2: Healthcare Disparities

 

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Short Description:

In 2010, the Federal Department of Human and Health Service (DHHS) launched the Healthy People 2020 goals to include a goal to eliminate health inequality/disparity. Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion” (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2017, p.1).

Potential Intervention Approaches:

· – Federal goals

· – Community health improvement plans

· – Patient advocacy efforts

· – “Triple Aim” for populations

Keywords for Articles:

health disparities, community health assessment, community health improvement plan, strategic planning, local health departments, health inequities

 

References:

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2017). Disparities. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/disparities

Shah G.H., & Sheahan J.P. (2016). Local health departments’ activities to address health disparities and inequities: Are we moving in the right direction? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(1):44. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/1/44

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Triple Aim for Populations. http://www.ihi.org/Topics/TripleAim/Pages/Overview.aspx

Topic 1: Limited Access to Healthcare

 

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Short Description:

Consumers face barriers to healthcare access for assorted reasons. For example: due to geographic location, provider availability, transportation issues and mobility.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

· – Healthcare information online

· – Telemedicine

· – In–home healthcare services

Keywords for Articles:

online health information seeking, health care access, health information systems, consumer health information, chronic disease, health information search, health seeking behavior, rural nursing

 

References:

Bhandari, N. (2014). Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter? Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA (1067-5027), 21 (6), p. 1113. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.library.capella.edu/pmc/articles/PMC4215038/

Lee, K., Hoti, K., Hughes, J. D., & Emmerton, L. (2014). Dr Google and the Consumer: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Navigational Needs and Online Health Information-Seeking Behaviors of Consumers with Chronic Health Conditions. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(12), e262. http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/jmir.3706

Ware, P., Bartlett, S. J., Paré, G., Symeonidis, I., Tannenbaum, C., Bartlett, G., … Ahmed, S. (2017). Using eHealth Technologies: Interests, Preferences, and Concerns of Older Adults. Interactive Journal of Medical Research, 6(1), e3. http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/ijmr.4447

Pratt, D. (2015). Telehealth and telemedicine. Albany Law Journal of Science & Technology. (1059-4280), 25 (3), p. 495. http://www.lexisnexis.com.library.capella.edu/hottopics/lnacademic/?shr=t&csi=148364&sr=TITLE(%22Telehealth+telemedicine+in+2015%22)+and+date+is+2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Socratic Problem-Solving Approach

The Socratic Method is a teaching style in which teachers ask students questions designed to stimulate more complete thinking and deeper insight. It also relates to the steps of performing scientific research. When the Socratic approach is applied, students are prompted to look more closely at your ideas, question your assumptions and accepted premises, and view your choices through a rigorous lens.

Apply the Socratic approach

Applying the Socratic approach to problem solving helps you identify gaps and improve your thinking when writing papers or completing projects. The questions may be used to spark new insights when responding to discussion topics and posts.

· Identify the elements of the problem, issue, or question

· Analyze, define, and frame the problem, issue, or question

· Consider solutions, responses, or answers

· Choose a solution, response, or answer

· Implement your choice

· Evaluate the results

Socratic problem-solving references

Paul, R., & Elder., L. (2006) The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts & tools (4th ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Wertheim, E. G. (n.d.). A model for case analysis and problem solving. College of Business Administration, Northeastern University. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from http://web.cba.neu.edu/ewertheim/introd/cases.htm (Material no longer available at this link.)

*Source: Dictionary.com

Instruction

research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

1. View the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:

. Summarize the health care problem or issue.

. Describe your interest in the topic.

. Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.

· Identify peer-reviewed articles relevant to health care issue or problem.

. Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used. You will select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past 3–5 years that relate to your topic.

. You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.

· Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.

· Assess the credibility and explain relevance of the information sources you find.

· Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.

· Determine if the publication is current.

· Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.

· Analyze academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format. Provide rationale for inclusion of each selected article. The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic. In your annotated bibliography:

· Identify the purpose of the article.

· Summarize the information.

· Provide rationale for inclusion of each article.

· Include the conclusions and findings of the article.

· Write your annotated bibliography in a paragraph form. The annotated bibliography should be approximately 150 words (1–3 paragraphs) in length.

· List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.

· Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.

· Summarize what you have learned from developing an annotated bibliography.

· Summarize what you learned from your research in a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper.

· List the main points you learned from your research.

· Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.

 

 

 

Assessm

ent topic area

s

 

to choose from

 

Topic 3: Medication Errors

 

 

 

Short Description:

 

A medication error is a preventable adverse effect of a p

atient taking the wrong

medication or dosage, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Medication

errors can be a source of serious patient harm, including death.

 

Potential Intervention Approaches:

 

·

 

 

Medic

al staff education

 

·

 

 

Packaging improvements

 

·

 

 

Patient medication safety training

 

Keywords for Articles:

 

medication administration, medication errors, medication safety

 

 

References:

 

Cohen, M. (2016). Medication errors (miscellaneous). Nursing. 46(2):72, February 2016.

DOI: 10.1097/01.NURSE.0000476239.09094.06

 

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Improve Core Processes for Administering

Medications.

http://www.ihi.org/resource

s/Pages/Changes/ImproveCoreProcessesforAdministeringM

edications.aspx

 

Assessment topic areas to choose from

Topic 3: Medication Errors

 

 

Short Description:

A medication error is a preventable adverse effect of a patient taking the wrong

medication or dosage, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. Medication

errors can be a source of serious patient harm, including death.

Potential Intervention Approaches:

 – Medical staff education

 – Packaging improvements

 – Patient medication safety training

Keywords for Articles:

medication administration, medication errors, medication safety

 

References:

Cohen, M. (2016). Medication errors (miscellaneous). Nursing. 46(2):72, February 2016.

DOI: 10.1097/01.NURSE.0000476239.09094.06

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Improve Core Processes for Administering

Medications.

http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/Changes/ImproveCoreProcessesforAdministeringM

edications.aspx

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